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UK & EU Inquiries into the Foot-and-Mouth Disease Epidemic of 2001
Updated 2009 -
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- Published in 2002 -
"Foot and Mouth: The Aftermath"
A collection of photographs
New Guides to Modern Methods & Principles of Epidemiology
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Manual of The Open University (UK)
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Royal Society Inquiry - vaccination recommended, computer modelling criticised:
"Of Love and Slaughter"
Rural Drama and Romance Novel
Based on real-life interviews and investigations in Devon
during the tragic foot-and-mouth epidemic of 2001
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DEFRA report: Source of 2001 UK Foot and Mouth epidemic
The epidemic is concluded to have begun on a pig finishing unit in the North-East of England. From there the virus spread via two routes:
The virus quickly spread by movements of sheep, people and vehicles throughout England, Wales and the southern counties of Scotland.
- movement of infected pigs to holdings in Essex and Kent.
- windborne spread of FMD virus to sheep on a nearby farm followed by subsequent sale of infected sheep via markets and dealers in Northern England.
The FMD virus probably originated in infected or contaminated meat or meat products. The actual origin and nature of this source material and the route by which it entered the UK will probably never be identified.
European Parliament committee of inquiry - European Union: details
Northumberland County Council FMD inquiry report: February 26th 2002
Scottish inquiry into foot-and-mouth crisis pledges to determine cost to the economy: BBC
Time of year was a crucial factor in rapid spread of foot and mouth disease epidemic: Report
Foot-and-mouth spread by a carcass pyre lit on an infected farm: vet tells inquiry
Shotguns taken from depressed farmers at height of foot-and-mouth disease crisis: BBC
Emotional scars of foot and mouth crisis could last for decades: BBC
Serious welfare problems due to bureacracy during UK FMD epidemic: RSPCA
Young people in foot-and-mouth disease areas turned to drink & drugs: Devon FMD inquiry
Cattle cull around Devon village was "chaos and shambles": BBC
wrecked by smoke & fumes from pyres, 100 farmers to give evidence: Times report
"Absurdities" attacked at Devon disease inquiry: BBC
Foot and mouth inquiry told of "needless killing": Guardian
Devon foot-and-mouth inquiry to be broadcast on Internet in pictures and sound
Pig Veterinary Society report to National Audit Office
UK Government announces 3 more inquiries into FMD epidemic|
all are semi-judicial (not fully public) and will start after the epidemic ends
there are already 7 other enquiries underway into aspects of the FMD crisis, particularly the financial aspects
Environment (DEFRA) Minister, Margaret Beckett, interrupted her caravan holiday in France to announce the inquiries. She said that there would NOT be an "all singing all dancing" public inquiry - i.e. much of the proceedings will be in private.
- Policy Commission: will examine the government's handling of the crisis in England, Wales & Scotland, expected to take 6 months. It will be chaired by Dr Iain Anderson, of oil company BP. He is expected to make recommendations on the way authorities
should react to future animal disease epidemics.
- Scientific Commission: under the Royal Society, will examine veterinary and animal management aspects e.g. where did it come from, how did it spread, should vaccination have been used, lessons for the future, report expected Summer 2002. Under chairmanship of Sir Brian Follett FRS, it will study the threat posed by the 15 most dangerous epidemic ("List A") diseases of farm animals - including swine fever (see our archive of last year's outbreaks in UK) which caused big problems in 2000. It will consider questions relating to transmission, prevention and control of epidemics.Royal Society press release
- Commission on Future of Farming & Food: will examine options for development of farming industry & food policy in U.K.
The third new foot and mouth disease crisis inquiry, the policy commission on the future
of farming and food will be chaired by Sir Don Curry, former head of the Meat and Livestock Commission (MLC). official announcement
Details of all 10 enquiries into FMD crisis: Guardian
Foot and Mouth Disease: latest news
Foot-and-Mouth Disease: Photos & Resources
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